THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN USING PAPER DICTIONARY AND E-DICTIONARY EFFECTS IN MEMORIZING NEW WORDS
Received: 18th January 2022; Revised: 17th June 2022, 18th June 2022; Accepted: 24th June 2022
Keywords:Paper Dictionary, E-Dictionary, Memorization, Repetition, Vocabulary Learning
Nowadays, students are using e-dictionary on their smartphones, rather than using paper dictionaries. In this study we aimed to show how paper dictionary is rather beneficial and provides long-lasting knowledge when studying a second language. To ensure the accuracy, we involved 105 EFL sophomores of the same level, studying professional English in Mandakh University, and used mixed methodology of quantitative and qualitative data analysis such as interview, notes, focus group, and observation. We conducted a survey to identify the use of paper dictionaries in the classroom. There was also a memory test, which was taken from the students, to investigate how students encode, store, recall, decode and forget the given words. The result of the survey identifies that looking up a word in an e-dictionary takes only a few seconds, and the words are stored in short term memory, while using a paper dictionary allows the learner to recite the word multiple times in their mind or mouth and the whole process takes usually a minute. Taking a longer time to look up for a word helps the user to memorize the word in their long-term memory, in this paper we have tried to prove this theory with proper research.
Anh, T. T. (2021). The Difference Effects of Paper Dictionaries vs. Online Dictionaries. AsiaCALL Online Journal, 2.
Barham, K. A. (2017). The Use of Electronic Dictionary in the Language Classroom: The Views of Language Learners. The Second International Conference for Learning and Teaching in the Digital World Smart Learning.
Batsaikhan, B., & Delgerjav, M. (2013). General Psychology. Ulaanbaatar.
Bolormaa, M. (2012). How to study English faster. Ulaanbaatar.
Davaajav, P. (1974). Facts about science of Medicine.
Davoudil, M. R. (2016). The Influence of Electronic Dictionaries on Vocabulary Knowledge Extension. Journal of Education and Learning Vol. 5, 139. https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v5n3p139
Dorjjav, D. (2005). Studying psychology.
Dziemianko, A. (2010). Paper or electronic? The role of dictionary form in language reception, production and the retention of meaning and collocations. Lexicography, 257. https://doi.org/10.1093/ijl/ecp040
Ebbinghaus, H. (1885). Memory: A contribution to Experimental Psychology.
Gujjar, A. A. (2012). The Contribution of Electronic and Paper Dictionaries to Iranian EFL Learner's Vocabulary Learning. International J. Soc. Sci. & Education Vol. 2 Issue 4.
Laufer, B. (2000). What lexical information do L2 learners select in a CALL dictionary and how does it affect word retention? Language Learning & Technology, 58.
Nesi, H. (2008). Dictionaries in electronic form. The Oxford history of English lexicography, 458-478.
Rundell, M. (2014). The End of Print? Macmillan English Dictionary. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.4312/slo2.0.2014.2.1-14
Rust, N. C. (2021). Our Memory Is Even Better Than Experts Thought.
Shinebayar, D. (2019). My cat speaks English - 2. Ulaanbaatar.
Stirling, J. (2005). The portable electronic dictionary: Faithful friend or faceless foe? Modern English Teacher, 64-72.
Surenjav, T. (2011). 1001 secrets about human body. Ulaanbaatar.
Trinh Thi Lan Anh, T. T. (2021). The Difference Effects of Paper Dictionaries vs. Online Dictionaries. AsiaCALL Online Journal, 28-38
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.