Received: 17th May 2023; Revised: 26th August 2023, 28th September 2023; Accepted: 05th September 2023


  • Ricardo C. Reyes III PhD, Practicum Coordinator, College of Education, Universidad de Manila, Manila City, Philippines
  • Jennifer P. Reyes EdD, Associate Professor II, College of Nursing, Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila, Manila City, Philippines
  • Alistair B. Selorio PhD(c), Director, National Service Training Program, Universidad de Manila, Manila City, Philippines


21st Century Leadership Skills, Academic Heads, High-Performance Organization (HPO) Framework


This study was conducted to determine the 21st century leadership skills of academic heads at a local university in the city of Manila, Philippines, as a basis for the proposal of a High-performance organization (HPO) framework. The study also determined how the challenges and opportunities of these 21st century leadership skills were experienced by the academic heads that contributed to the development of the proposed framework. It employed qualitative research that utilized a descriptive phenomenological design. Data were gathered through survey-interview using semi-structured questions formulated by the researchers. The gathered data were analyzed using thematic analysis that included the extraction of themes from the description of the academic heads’ 21st century leadership skills and the challenges and opportunities of these skills, which led to making generalizations in relation to how these leadership skills were perceived. The results revealed that the participant academic heads possess several 21st-century leadership skills. The results also revealed that the participant academic heads encountered several challenges and opportunities in the practice of their 21st century leadership skills. The High-performance organization (HPO) framework constructed in this study is specifically adapted to the salient needs of the institution studied in order to create and maintain a high-performance organization.


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How to Cite

C. Reyes III, R., P. Reyes, J., & B. Selorio, A. (2023). 21ST CENTURY LEADERSHIP SKILLS OF ACADEMIC HEADS TOWARDS HIGH-PERFORMANCE ORGANIZATION FRAMEWORK: Received: 17th May 2023; Revised: 26th August 2023, 28th September 2023; Accepted: 05th September 2023. Docens Series in Education, 5, 58–80. Retrieved from https://docensjournal.org/index.php/docens/article/view/35